Vertebrate fauna of SE Asia
  

 

   
 
Stay strong, people of Ukraine
   
Home  
覧覧覧覧覧  
SE Asia fauna ...  
   
Primates
 Carnivorans
 Large Mammals
 Small Mammals
 Mammal calls
 Bats
覧覧
Birds
覧覧
 Snakes
 Lizards & Crocodilians
 Turtles
覧覧
 Amphibians
 Tadpoles
 Frog calls
覧覧
Freshwater Fishes
 Marine & Brackish Fishes
覧覧
Species Lists
 





 


 
覧覧覧覧覧  
SE Asia Vert Records (SEAVR) ...  
   
Philippines Records
  Indochina Records
  Indonesia & PNG Records
 
覧覧覧覧覧  
New Guinea herptiles ...  
Snakes   Lizards   Frogs  
覧覧覧覧覧  
   
  New or updated pages ...
 
 
     
 
     
 
     
 
覧覧覧覧覧  
 

Search this site ...

 
 


   

 
  覧覧覧覧覧  
 

Links :
My wife, Sophia's website ... super-healthy, vegan delights :
Vegan-Inspired.com

 
  覧覧覧覧覧  
 


Email :


Text and photos by Nick Baker, unless otherwise credited.
Copyright ゥ Ecology Asia 2022

 
     
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

   

 

 

Bats of Southeast Asia  


Conservation links:

   
IUCN SSC Bat Specialist Group
SE Asia Bat Conservation Research Unit
Bat Conservation International

 

   

Globally bats (Order : Chiroptera) comprise around 20% of all mammal species, but this percentage rises in Southeast Asia where bats may comprise around 40% of all mammals.  They play an important role in pollination and seed dispersal yet remain amongst the least studied of the regions mammals.

Included here are examples of the huge flying foxes which can weigh over 1 kg and have wingspans of almost 1.5 metres, and the tiny microbats weighing just a few grams. Larger bats are generally frugivorous (fruit-eating), while smaller species tend to be insectivorous.

 
 
 


Flying Foxes  (Pteropodidae, Pteropodinae)
5 genera, 3 of which occur in SE Asia: 
Acerodon:  5 species (all in SE Asia).  Pteropus: ~65 species (~25 occur in SE Asia).  Styloctenium:  2 species (both in SE Asia).  Examples:
 

               
   
Sunda Flying Fox
Acerodon mackloti     
  Black Flying Fox
Pteropus alecto   
  Island Flying Fox
Pteropus hypomelanus   
Lyle's Flying Fox
Pteropus lylei 
Large Flying Fox
Pteropus vampyrus   
             


Fruit Bats  (Pteropodidae, Cynopterinae)
14 genera and ~30 species, most of which occur in SE Asia.  Examples:
 

             
   
Spotted-winged Fruit Bat
Balionycteris maculata
 
  Lesser Dog-faced Fruit Bat
Cynopterus brachyotis  
 
  Horsfield's Fruit Bat
Cynopterus horsfieldii
 
Forest Short-nosed Fruit Bat  Cynopterus minutus  
 
Dusky Fruit Bat 
Penthetor lucasi
     
             


Dawn Fruit Bats and Rousettes  (Pteropodidae, Rousettinae)
2 genera: Eonycteris (3 species, all occur in SE Asia). Rousettus (10 species, 6 of  which occur in SE Asia).  Examples:
 

             
         
Cave Nectar Bat
Eonycteris spelaea   
 
Rousettes 
Rousettus spp. 
  
       
           

Tube-nosed Fruit Bats 
Nyctimene spp.  19 species (13 in SE Asia).   Examples:


Long-tongued Nectar Bats 
Macroglossus spp.: 2 species (both of  which occur in SE Asia).  Examples:
 

             
         
Tube-nosed Fruit Bats
Nyctimene & Paranyctimene spp.
  
  Lesser Long-tongued Nectar Bat
Macroglossus minimus  
  
 
           


Sheath-tailed Bats  (Emballonuridae)
More than 55 species worldwide.  Around 13 species in SE Asia from the genera Emballonura, Mosia, Saccolaimus and Taphozous.  Examples:
 

                 
       
Lesser Sheath-tailed Bat
Emballonura monticola  
  Pouched Tomb Bat
Saccolaimus saccolaimus
  Long-winged Tomb Bat
Taphozous longimanus
  Black-bearded Tomb Bat
Taphozous melanopogon
  Theobald's Tomb Bat
Taphozous theobaldi
                 


False Vampires  (Megadermatidae)
Worldwide 6 species, of which 3 are in SE Asia.  Examples:
 

Slit-faced Bats  (Nycteridae)
Worldwide >15 species, of which 2 occur in SE Asia.  Examples:

                 
             
Lesser False Vampire
Megaderma spasma   
        Malayan Slit-faced Bat
Nycteris tragata 
     
               


Horseshoe Bats  (Rhinolophidae)
Worldwide more than 100 species in the single genus Rhinolophus, with numerous species in SE Asia.  Examples:
 

                 
         
Creagh's Horseshoe Bat
Rhinolophus creaghi
 
  Great Woolly Horseshoe Bat
Rhinolophus luctus morio   
   
Glossy Horseshoe Bat
Rhinolophus refulgens
  
Lesser Woolly Horseshoe Bat
Rhinolophus sedulus   
 
 
       
Lesser Brown Horseshoe Bat
Rhinolophus stheno 
Trefoil Horseshoe Bat
Rhinolophus trifoliatus   
     
           


Roundleaf Bats  (Hipposideridae)
Worldwide there are more than 70 species in 7 genera. In SE Asia there are numerous species in the genus Hipposideros, and 6 others in the genera Ascelliscus, Coelops and Paracoelops.  Examples:
 

                 
       
Great Roundleaf Bat
Hipposideros armiger
 
  Bicoloured Roundleaf Bat
Hipposideros bicolor
 
Fawn Roundleaf Bat
Hipposideros cervinus
 
  Ashy Roundleaf Bat
Hipposideros cineraceus
 
Diadem Roundleaf Bat
Hipposideros diadema
   
               
Intermediate Roundleaf Bat
Hipposideros larvatus 
                 
               


Hog-nosed Bats  (Craseonycteridae)
Just 1 species known, which only occurs in Myanmar and Thailand.
 


Bent-winged Bats  (Miniopteridae)
As of 2022, around 40 species worldwide in a single genus, Miniopterus. At least 10 species are known to occur in SE Asia.
 

                 
             
Kitti's Hog-nosed Bat
Craseonycteris thonglongyai   
      Bent-winged Bats
Miniopterus spp. 
     
               


Evening Bats  (Vespertilionidae)
Worldwide there are more than 300 species in more than 50 genera. In SE Asia numerous species occur, particularly in the genera Kerivoula, Murina, Myotis and Pipistrellus.  Examples:
 

                 
       
Woolly Bats
Kerivoula spp.
 
  Tube-nosed Bats
Murina spp.
 
  Whiskered Myotis
Myotis muricola
 
  Ridley's Myotis
Myotis ridleyi   
       
Large-footed Myotis
Myotis spp.   
 
           
Pipistrelles
Pipistrellus spp.    
  Asiatic Lesser Yellow Bat
Scotophilus kuhlii
  Bamboo Bats
Tylonycteris spp.
        
               


Free-tailed Bats  (Molossidae)
Worldwide there are more than 110 species in 18 genera. In SE Asia, as of 2020,  there are 14 representatives of 6 genera including Chaerephon (4), Cheiromeles (2), Mormopterus (1), Mops (2), Otomops (3) and Tadarida (2).  Examples:
 

                 
               
Naked Bulldog Bat
Cheiromeles torquatus