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Snakes of  Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia's snakes exhibit a remarkable diversity of colour, patterning, shape and size.  Equally diverse are their habits and behaviour.  Some species, such as the White-bellied Blind Snake, spend virtually their entire lives burrowing in the tropical soil.  Others, such as the Big-eye Whip Snake and Elegant Bronzeback, are master climbers which can easily ascend vertical tree trunks or navigate their way amongst  the most slender of branches.  The most amazing of tree dwellers are of the genus Chrysopelea, such as the Paradise Tree Snake : these 'flying snakes' can glide from tree to tree by flattening their body to trap a cushion of air beneath.

Many species, such as the Puff-faced Water Snake, have found their niche in tropical streams and ponds, while others can survive in mangrove habitat, spending much of their lives semi-submerged. Sea Snakes have taken a watery life to the extreme and are true marine dwellers, though they still need to surface to breathe.

Presented here are a selection of the regions snakes to illustrate this amazing diversity ...


Blind Snakes  (Typhlopidae)

Sunbeam Snake  (Xenopeltidae)
Brahminy Blind Snake
Ramphotyphlops braminus 
  White-bellied Blind Snake
Typhlops muelleri
  Sunbeam Snake
Xenopeltis unicolor

Pipe Snakes  (Cylindrophiidae)

Pythons  (Pythonidae)
Singapore Red-tailed Pipe Snake
Cylindrophis mirzae  
  Indian Rock Python
Python molurus molurus
  Reticulated Python
Malayopython reticulatus

Whip Snakes  (Colubridae, Genus : Ahaetulla, Dryophiops)

Big-eye Green Whip Snake
Ahaetulla mycterizans
  Oriental Whip Snake
Ahaetulla prasina
  Keel-bellied Whip Snake
Dryophiops rubescens

Flying Snakes  (Colubridae, Genus : Chrysopelea)

Golden Tree Snake
Chrysopelea ornata
  Paradise Tree Snake
Chrysopelea paradisi
  Twin-barred Tree Snake
Chrysopelea pelias

Bronzebacks  (Colubridae, Genus : Dendrelaphis)

Striped Bronzeback
Dendrelaphis caudolineatus
  Blue Bronzeback
Dendrelaphis cyanochloris
  Elegant Bronzeback
Dendrelaphis formosus
  Haas's Bronzeback
Dendrelaphis haasi
  Kopstein's Bronzeback
Dendrelaphis kopsteini
Sawtooth-necked Bronzeback
Dendrelaphis nigroserratus
Painted Bronzeback
Dendrelaphis pictus
  Dendrelaphis sp. (Waigeo) 

Cat Snakes  (Colubridae, Genus : Boiga)

Green Cat Snake
Boiga cyanea
  Dog-toothed Cat Snake
Boiga cynodon
  Gold-ringed Cat Snake
Boiga dendrophila
  White-spotted Cat Snake
Boiga drapiezii
  Jasper Cat Snake
Boiga jaspidea
Black-headed Cat Snake
Boiga nigriceps 

Reed Snakes  (Colubridae, Genus : Calamaria, Pseudorabdion)

Variable Reed Snake
Calamaria lumbricoidea
  Schmidt's Reed Snake
Calamaria schmidti
  Pink-headed Reed Snake
Calamaria schlegeli
  Dwarf Reed Snake 
Pseudorabdion longiceps

Wolf Snakes  (Colubridae, Genus : Lycodon)

Mountain Wolf Snake
Lycodon butleri
  Common House Snake
Lycodon capucinus
  Banded Wolf Snake
Lycodon subcinctus

Brown Snakes  (Colubridae, Genus : Xenelaphis)

Ocellated Brown Snake 
Xenelaphis ellipsifer
  Malayan Brown Snake
Xenelaphis hexagonotus

Rat Snakes  (Colubridae, Genus : Ptyas)

Keeled Rat Snake
Ptyas carinata
  White-bellied Rat Snake
Ptyas fusca
  Indochinese Rat Snake
Ptyas korros

Kukri Snakes  (Colubridae, Genus : Oligodon)

Small-banded Kukri Snake
Oligodon fasciolatus
  Striped Kukri Snake
Oligodon octolineatus
  Brown Kukri Snake
Oligodon purpurascens
  Barred Kukri Snake
Oligodon signatus     

Other Colubrids  (Coelognathus, Dryocalamus, Gongylosoma, Gonyosoma, Orthriophis, Sibynophis)  

Malayan Racer
Coelognathus flavolineatus
  Malayan Bridle Snake 
Dryocalamus subannulatus
  Orange-bellied Ringneck
Gongylosoma baliodeirum
  Red-tailed Racer
Gonyosoma oxycephalum
  Cave Dwelling Snake
Orthriophis taeniurus ridleyi
Mountain Many-tooth Snake
Sibynophis collaris  

Water Snakes  (Homalopsidae)

Dog-faced Water Snake
Cerberus schneiderii
  Rainbow Water Snake
Enhydris enhydris
  Crab-eating Water Snake
Fordonia leucobalia
  Gerard's Water Snake
Gerarda prevostiana
  Puff-faced Water Snake   
Homalopsis buccata
Blackwater Mud Snake
Phytolopsis punctata

Keelbacks and Mock Vipers  (Natricidae)

Malayan Mountain Keelback
Amphiesma inas
  Red Mountain Keelback
Amphiesma sanguineum
  Sarawak Keelback
Amphiesma sarawacense
  Orange-necked Keelback
Macropisthodon flaviceps
  Blue-necked Keelback
Macropisthodon rhodomelas
Speckle-bellied Keelback
Rhabdophis chrysargos
  Fire-lipped Keelback
Rhabdophis murudensis
  Red-necked Keelback
Rhabdophis subminiatus
  Spotted Keelback
Xenochrophis maculatus
  Triangle Keelback
Xenochrophis trianguligerus
Striped Keelback
Xenochrophis vittatus
  Painted Mock Viper
Psammodynastes pictus
  Common Mock Viper
P. pulverulentus

Slug Snakes  (Pareatidae)

Smooth Slug Snake
Asthenodipsas laevis
  Mountain Slug Snake
Asthenodipsas vertebralis
  White-spotted Slug Snake
Pareas margaritophorus 

Coral Snakes, Cobras, Kraits etc.  (Elapidae)

Banded Krait
Bungarus fasciatus
  Red-headed Krait
Bungarus flaviceps
Blue Malayan Coral Snake
Calliophis bivirgatus
Banded Malayan Coral Snake
Calliophis intestinalis
MacClelland's Coral Snake
Sinomicrurus macclellandi
Equatorial Spitting Cobra 
Naja sumatrana
  King Cobra 
Ophiophagus hannah

Sea Snakes  (Hydrophiidae)

Marbled Sea Snake
Aipysurus eydouxii
  Olive Sea Snake
Aipysurus laevis
  Amphibious Sea Snake 
Laticauda colubrina

Pit Vipers  (Viperidae)

White-lipped Pit Viper
Cryptelytrops albolabris
  Shore Pit Viper 
C. purpureomaculatus
  Siamese Peninsula Pit Viper
Popeia fucata
Cameron Highlands Pit Viper
Popeia nebularis 
Broad-banded Pit Viper
Tropidolaemus laticinctus
Bornean Keeled Pit Viper
Tropidolaemus subannulatus
Wagler's Pit Viper
Tropidolaemus wagleri

  See also ... Snakes of Papua New Guinea