Focussing on the vertebrate
 fauna of SE Asia
  

 

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  Text and photos by Nick Baker, unless otherwise credited.
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Carnivorans of  Southeast Asia
 

There are nearly 300 species in the order Carnivora, divided amongst 16 families.  Within Southeast Asia, around 60 species are currently recognised in 10 families. Carnivorans have features evolved for the capture and consumption of meat, however many species have evolved away from a fully meat-based diet whilst retaining such features as large canine teeth, sharp claws and the ability to run fast. The most speciose groups in the region are the family Mustelidae, which comprises otters and martens, the civet family Viverridae, and the cat family Felidae which includes the iconic, but severely threatened, Tiger.

 
 

Cats : Felidae
SE Asia : 12 species (worldwide 41 species)
 

       
Bay Cat 
Catopuma badia
  
  Asian Golden Cat 
Catopuma temminckii  
  
  Jungle Cat 
Felis chaus   
  
Sunda Clouded Leopard 
Neofelis diardi   
  
Clouded Leopard 
Neofelis nebulosa 
  
   
Leopard
Panthera pardus
  
  Tiger
Panthera tigris
    
  Marbled Cat
Pardofelis marmorata
  
Mainland Leopard Cat 
Prionailurus bengalensis 
  
Sunda Leopard Cat 
Prionailurus javanensis 
  
         
Flat-headed Cat 
Prionailurus planiceps    
  Fishing Cat 
Prionailurus viverrinus 
       
         
 

Civets : Viverridae
SE Asia : 15 species (worldwide 36 species)
 

   
Binturong
Arctictis binturong
     
  Small-toothed Palm Civet
Arctogalidia trivirgata
     
  Owston's Civet
Chrotogale owstoni
     
Otter Civet
Cynogale bennettii
     
Hose's Civet
Diplogale hosei
 
 
Banded Civet
Hemigalus derbyanus
  
Sulawesi Palm Civet
Macrogalidia musschenbroekii  
  
 Masked Palm Civet
 Paguma larvata  
  
Common/Sumatran Palm Civet
Paradoxurus musangus 
  
   Malay Civet
   Viverra tangalunga
  
Other SE Asia species :
Paradoxurus hermaphroditus - Indian Palm Civet
Paradoxurus philippinensis - Philippine Palm Civet
Viverra megaspila - Large-spotted Civet
Large Indian Civet
Viverra zibetha
Small Indian Civet
Viverricula indica
     
             
 

Linsangs : Prionodontidae
2 species, both in SE Asia
 

         
Banded Linsang
Prionodon linsang
  Spotted Linsang
Prionodon pardicolor  
   
 

 
             
 

Mongooses and allies : Herpestidae
SE Asia : 4 species (worldwide 34 species)
 

     
Short-tailed Mongoose
Herpestes brachyurus
  Javan Mongoose
Herpestes javanicus
  Collared Mongoose
Herpestes semitorquatus
Crab-eating Mongoose
Herpestes urva
 
             
 

Dogs and allies : Canidae
SE Asia : 4 species (worldwide 35 species)
 

     
Golden Jackal
Canis aureus
  Dhole
Cuon alpinus
  Raccoon Dog
Nyctereutes procyonoides
Red Fox
Vulpes vulpes
 
             
 

Bears : Ursidae
SE Asia : 2 species (worldwide 8 species)
 

Red Panda : Ailuridae
SE Asia : 1 species (worldwide 1 species)
   
       
Sun Bear
Helarctos malayanus
  Asiatic Black Bear
Ursus thibetanus
  Red Panda
Ailurus fulgens
   
             
 

Badgers, Martens, Weasels etc : Mustelidae, Mustelinae
SE Asia : 16 species (worldwide 44 species)
 

    Other SE Asia species :
Arctonyx albogularis - Northern Hog Badger
Arctonyx hoevenii - Sumatran Hog Badger
Martes foina - Stone Marten
Melogale everetti - Bornean Ferret Badger
Melogale moschata - Small-toothed Ferret Badger
Melogale orientalis - Javan Ferret Badger
Melogale personata - Large-toothed Ferret Badger
Melogale cucphuongensis - Cuc Phuong Ferret Badger
 
Greater Hog Badger
Arctonyx collaris
 
  Yellow-throated Marten
Martes flavigula
 
       
    Other SE Asia species :
Mustela kathiah - Yellow-bellied Weasel
Mustela lutreolina - Indonesian Mountain Weasel
Mustela nivalis - Least Weasel
Mustela sibirica - Siberian Weasel
 
Malay Weasel
Mustela nudipes  
  Stripe-backed Weasel
Mustela strigidorsa  
       
             
 

Otters : Mustelidae, Lutrinae
SE Asia : 4 species (worldwide 13 species)
 

      Other SE Asia species :
Lutra lutra - Eurasian Otter
Oriental Small-clawed Otter
Aonyx cinerea
 
  Smooth Otter
Lutrogale perspicillata
 
  Hairy-nosed Otter
Lutra sumatrana
 
   
             
 

Stink Badgers : Mephitidae
2 species, both in SE Asia :
Mydaus javanensis - Sunda Stink-badger (Teledu)
Mydaus marchei - Palawan Stink-badger