Family : CYLINDROPHIIDAE
Species : Cylindrophis ruffus
Maximum Size : 90 cm
This is a lowland species,
generally preferring swampy, forested habitats but may also occur in
disturbed, agricultural areas.
It leads a burrowing lifestyle : its body shape, being
cylindrical in cross-section, is ideally suited. It feeds mainly on other
snakes and eels, and is a good swimmer.
The body is dark but
iridescent, with indistinct lighter bands. The blunt tail has reddish
colouration which it displays when threatened. Typically there is a lighter
band on the back of the neck. There is an irregular pattern of pale bars and
blotches on the underside.
The head is short and blunt, and of the same width as the body, and the eyes are small.
The Red-tailed Pipe Snake
ranges from Burma, Thailand, Indochina and southern China to Peninsular
Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, Java, Sumatra and Sulawesi.
Fig 1 : Dorsal side, with typical orange-red banding.
Fig 2 : Ventral side, with broken white bars.
Fig 3 : The head is barely wider than the body and the eyes are small.
Fig 4 : Here the tail is raised as a warning sign.
All photos of a specimen from Singapore, thanks to Benjamin Lee.
References : H1, H2