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  Text and photos by Nick Baker, unless otherwise credited.
Copyright ゥ Ecology Asia 2014
   

 

   

 

 

 

Amphibians reach their greatest diversity in the tropics, particularly in the moist and hot environment of tropical rainforest and freshwater swamp forest.  Southeast Asia is one of the world's biodiversity hotspots for amphibians, where a remarkable evolutionary explosion has resulted in incredible diversity of form, colour and lifestyle: over 700 species occur in the region.  Frogs are to be found in the shallowest puddles, hiding under leaf litter, making their foam nests in streamside vegetation or calling incessantly from treeholes.

Frogs reach their greatest evolutionary expression in the diverse family of Asian Tree Frogs (Rhacophoridae), which includes the spectacular 'Flying Frogs', many of which have evolved extensive webbing between their toes which allows them to glide from tree to tree. Equally remarkable are the tiny Narrow-mouthed Frogs or Chorus Frogs (Microhylidae) : these are often heard but rarely seen, as they measure just 2 cm long. Their jumping ability is quite remarkable as they can easily leap more than a metre or so i.e. more than 50 times body length !

Over 50 of Southeast Asia's frogs are presented here ... and another 50 from Papua New Guinea are listed on a separate page.

 
 

Asiatic Tailed Caecilians  (Ichthyophiidae)

         
Conservation Links :
 
   
Amphibian Specialist Group
Global Amphibian Assessment
Save The Frogs


 


 

Yellow-striped Caecilian
Ichthyophis sp.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

True Toads  (Bufonidae)

       
Slender Toad
Ansonia jeetsukumarani
 
  Asian Toad
Duttaphrynus melanostictus
 
  Sulawesi Toad
Ingerophrynus celebensis
 
  Lesser Toad
Ingerophrynus parvus
 
  Four-ridged Toad
I. quadriporcatus
 
             
St. Andrew's Cross Toadlet
Pelophryne signata
 
 
  River Toad 
Phrynoidis aspera
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Litter Frogs etc.  (Megophryidae)

       
Spotted Litter Frog
Leptobrachium hendricksoni
 
  Mountain Litter Frog
Leptobrachium montanum
 
  Black-eyed Litter Frog
Leptobrachium nigrops
 
  Leptolalax Litter Frog
Leptolalax sp.
 
  Malayan Horned Frog
Megophrys nasuta
 
               
Long-legged Horned Frog
Xenophrys longipes
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 

Fanged Frogs etc.  (Dicroglossidae)

       
Crab-eating Frog
Fejervarya cancrivora
 
  Field Frog
Fejervarya limnocharis
 
  Malayan Giant Frog
Limnonectes blythii
 
  Nusa Tenggara Wart Frog
Limnonectes kadarsani
 
  Kuhl's Creek Frog
Limnonectes kuhlii
 
       
Corrugated Frog
Limnonectes laticeps
 
  Malesian Frog
Limnonectes malesianus
  
  Tanahrata Wart Frog
Limnonectes nitidus
 
  Masked Swamp Frog
Limnonectes paramacrodon
 
  Rhinoceros Frog
Limnonectes plicatellus
 
             
Green Puddle Frog
Occidozyga lima
  Yellow-bellied Puddle Frog
Occidozyga sumatrana
 
 
 
 
   
 
                 

Typical Frogs  (Ranidae)

       
Larut Torrent Frog
Amolops larutensis
 
  Three-striped Frog
Humerana miopus
 
  Copper-cheeked Frog
Hydrophylax raniceps
 
  Common Greenback
Hylarana erythraea
 
  Rough-sided Frog
Hylarana glandulosa
 
       
Cricket Frog
Hylarana nicobariensis
 
  Black-striped Frog
Hylarana nigrovittata
 
  Spotted Stream Frog
Hylarana picturata
 
  Poisonous Rock Frog
Odorrana hosii
 
  Golden-eared Rough-sided Frog   Pulchrana baramica
 
             
Masked Rough-sided Frog
Pulchrana laterimaculata
 
 
  Black-spotted Rock Frog
Staurois natator
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Asian Tree Frogs  (Rhacophorida)

       
Spotted Tree Frog
Nyctixalus pictus
 
  Dwarf Bush Frog
Philautus parvulus
 
  Four-lined Tree Frog
Polypedates leucomystax
 
  Dark-eared Tree Frog
Polypedates macrotis
 
Brown Tree Frog
Polypedates megacephalus
 
       
File-eared Tree Frog
Polypedates otilophus
 
Frilled Tree Frog
Rhacophorus appendiculatus
 
Twin-spotted Flying Frog
Rhacophorus bipunctatus
 
Blue-spotted Bush Frog
Rhacophorus cyanopunctatus
 
Jade Tree Frog
Rhacophorus dulitensis
 
           
Wallace's Flying Frog
Rhacophorus nigropalmatus
 
  Harlequin Flying Frog
Rhacophorus pardalis
 
 
  Malayan Flying Frog 
Rhacophorus prominanus
   
   
 
   
 

Narrow-mouthed Frogs  (Microhylidae)

       
Black-spotted Sticky Frog
Kalophrynus pleurostigma
 
  Brown Bullfrog
Kaloula baleata
 
  Banded Bullfrog
Kaloula pulchra
 
  Malayan Treehole Frog
Metaphrynella pollicaris
 
  Bornean Treehole Frog
Metaphrynella sundana
 
         
Painted Chorus Frog
Microhyla butleri
 
  Dark-sided Chorus Frog
Microhyla heymonsi
 
  Manthey's Chorus Frog
Microhyla mantheyi
 
  Pothole Chorus Frog
Microhyla petrigena 
 
 
 
                 

Commonly introduced non-Southeast Asian species :

               
American Bullfrog
Lithobates catesbeiana
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
                 

  See also ... Frogs of Papua New Guinea