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  Text and photos by Nick Baker, unless otherwise credited.
Copyright ゥ Ecology Asia 2015





Amphibians of  Southeast Asia

Amphibians reach their greatest diversity in the tropics, particularly in the moist and hot environment of tropical rainforest and freshwater swamp forest.  Southeast Asia is one of the world's biodiversity hotspots for amphibians, where a remarkable evolutionary explosion has resulted in incredible diversity of form, colour and lifestyle: over 700 species occur in the region.  Frogs are to be found in the shallowest puddles, hiding under leaf litter, making their foam nests in streamside vegetation or calling incessantly from treeholes.

Frogs reach their greatest evolutionary expression in the diverse family of Asian Tree Frogs (Rhacophoridae), which includes the spectacular 'Flying Frogs', many of which have evolved extensive webbing between their toes which allows them to glide from tree to tree. Equally remarkable are the tiny Narrow-mouthed Frogs or Chorus Frogs (Microhylidae) : these are often heard but rarely seen, as they measure just 2 cm long. Their jumping ability is quite remarkable as they can easily leap more than a metre or so i.e. more than 50 times body length !

Over 50 of Southeast Asia's frogs are presented here ... and another 50 from Papua New Guinea are listed on a separate page.


Asiatic Tailed Caecilians  (Ichthyophiidae)

Conservation Links :
Amphibian Specialist Group
Global Amphibian Assessment
Save The Frogs



Yellow-striped Caecilian
Ichthyophis sp.

True Toads  (Bufonidae)

Slender Toad
Ansonia jeetsukumarani
  Asian Toad
Duttaphrynus melanostictus
  Sulawesi Toad
Ingerophrynus celebensis
  Lesser Toad
Ingerophrynus parvus
  Four-ridged Toad
I. quadriporcatus
St. Andrew's Cross Toadlet
Pelophryne signata  
  River Toad 
Phrynoidis aspera 

Litter Frogs etc.  (Megophryidae)

Spotted Litter Frog
Leptobrachium hendricksoni
  Mountain Litter Frog
Leptobrachium montanum
  Black-eyed Litter Frog
Leptobrachium nigrops
  Leptolalax Litter Frog
Leptolalax sp.
  Malayan Horned Frog
Megophrys nasuta
Long-legged Horned Frog
Xenophrys longipes

Fanged Frogs etc.  (Dicroglossidae)

Crab-eating Frog
Fejervarya cancrivora
  Field Frog
Fejervarya limnocharis
  Malayan Giant Frog
Limnonectes blythii
  Nusa Tenggara Wart Frog
Limnonectes kadarsani
  Kuhl's Creek Frog
Limnonectes kuhlii
Corrugated Frog
Limnonectes laticeps
  Malesian Frog
Limnonectes malesianus
  Tanahrata Wart Frog
Limnonectes nitidus
  Masked Swamp Frog
Limnonectes paramacrodon
  Rhinoceros Frog
Limnonectes plicatellus
Green Puddle Frog
Occidozyga lima
  Yellow-bellied Puddle Frog
Occidozyga sumatrana

Typical Frogs  (Ranidae)

Larut Torrent Frog
Amolops larutensis
  Three-striped Frog
Humerana miopus
  Copper-cheeked Frog
Hylarana labialis
  Common Greenback
Hylarana erythraea
  Rough-sided Frog
Hylarana glandulosa
Cricket Frog
Hylarana nicobariensis
  Black-striped Frog
Hylarana nigrovittata
  Spotted Stream Frog
Hylarana picturata
  Poisonous Rock Frog
Odorrana hosii
  Golden-eared Rough-sided Frog   Hylarana baramica
Masked Rough-sided Frog
Pulchrana laterimaculata
  Black-spotted Rock Frog
Staurois natator

Asian Tree Frogs   (Rhacophoridae)

Spotted Tree Frog
Nyctixalus pictus
  Dwarf Bush Frog
Philautus parvulus
  Vermiculate Bush Frog
Philautus vermiculatus
  Four-lined Tree Frog
Polypedates leucomystax
Dark-eared Tree Frog
Polypedates macrotis
Brown Tree Frog
Polypedates megacephalus
File-eared Tree Frog
Polypedates otilophus
Frilled Tree Frog
Rhacophorus appendiculatus
Twin-spotted Flying Frog
Rhacophorus bipunctatus
Blue-spotted Bush Frog
R. cyanopunctatus
Jade Tree Frog
Rhacophorus dulitensis
  Wallace's Flying Frog
Rhacophorus nigropalmatus
  Norhayati's Flying Frog
Rhacophorus norhayatii
  Harlequin Flying Frog
Rhacophorus pardalis
  Malayan Flying Frog 
Rhacophorus prominanus

Narrow-mouthed Frogs  (Microhylidae)

Black-spotted Sticky Frog
Kalophrynus pleurostigma
  Brown Bullfrog
Kaloula baleata
  Banded Bullfrog
Kaloula pulchra
  Malayan Treehole Frog
Metaphrynella pollicaris
  Bornean Treehole Frog
Metaphrynella sundana
Painted Chorus Frog
Microhyla butleri
  Dark-sided Chorus Frog
Microhyla heymonsi
  Manthey's Chorus Frog
Microhyla mantheyi
  Pothole Chorus Frog
Microhyla petrigena 

Commonly introduced non-Southeast Asian species :

American Bullfrog
Lithobates catesbeiana

  See also ... Frogs of Papua New Guinea