Family : COLUBRIDAE
Subfamily : Calamariinae
Species : Calamaria schmidti
Maximum Size : 50 cm ?
There are around 56
recognised species of Calamaria, a genus of Reed Snake. These are burrowing
snakes, as evidenced by their cylindrical body cross-section and streamlined
head shape, and are thus rarely seen.
Reed Snakes inhabit damp
forest floors, only emerging from their burrows or from under rotting logs
at night. They feed mainly on earthworms and other soft-bodied
invertebrates, and lay their eggs under the soil.
The specimen of Schmidt's
Reed Snake illustrated
here was found near the headquarters of Mount Kinabalu National Park, Sabah,
Borneo, at an elevation of 1500 metres. Its beautiful, iridescent colouration
is apparent under a camera's flashlight.
The species is endemic to northern parts of Borneo, in particular the slopes
of Mount Kinabalu, Borneo's highest mountain.
Figs 1 and 2 : Specimen from Mount Kinabalu, Sabah, Borneo (elevation 1500
Fig 3 : The forested slopes of Mount Kinabalu, Sabah, harbour a population
of this localised species.
References : H3