Focussing on the vertebrate
 fauna of SE Asia
  

 

Home  
覧覧覧覧覧  
SE Asia fauna ...  
   
Primates
Carnivorans
Other Large Mammals
Squirrels & Small Mammals
Bats
覧覧
Birds
覧覧
Snakes
Lizards & Crocodilians
Turtles
覧覧
Amphibians
FFrogs & other calls
覧覧
Fishes
覧覧
Species Lists
 







 
覧覧覧覧覧  
New! SE Asia Vertebrate Records  (SEAVR)  
覧覧覧覧覧  
New Guinea fauna ...  
   
Snakes
Lizards
Frogs
 
覧覧覧覧覧  
Articles & Publications
News Links
Singapore sightings
Feedback
Image policy
 
覧覧覧覧覧  
 

Search this site ...

 
 


   

 
  覧覧覧覧覧  

Recently added ...
 
 
     
 
     
 
 
覧覧覧覧覧  
     
   
     
    Links :  
  Context Institute
  Herpetological Soc. Singapore
  HabitatID  
  Primatewatching  
  Intl. Otter Survival Fund
  Orang Utan Appeal (UK)  
  Wallace Online  
    Citizen Action for Tigers  
    Nature Society (Singapore)  
  Traffic  
    Wild Singapore  
     
  Text and photos by Nick Baker, unless otherwise credited.
Copyright ゥ Ecology Asia 2017
   

 

   
   
 
Eurasian Wild Pig
   
   

Fig 1


Fig 2


Fig 3


Fig 4


Fig 5


Fig 6


 

Order : CETARTIODACTYLA
Family : Suidae
Species : Sus scrofa

Head-Body Length : Males up to 1.5 metres
Height : Males up to 0.8 metres
Tail Length : Males up to 300 cm
Weight : Males up to 200 kg
Females are smaller.

The Eurasian Wild Pig inhabits primary and secondary forest and will also forage in adjacent cleared or agricultural areas. In parts of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore the species occurs in mangroves. The Eurasian Wild Pig is a food source for Tiger and Leopard.

In parts of Southeast Asia Sus scrofa has been domesticated, giving rise to pigs of different form. The truly Eurasian Wild Pig, however, is identified by its greater size, and by the mane of bristly hairs extending along the back. The mane becomes erect when the animal is feeling threatened.

Specimens from Indochina, Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore are smaller than are found in other countries, and these populations probably represent a separate subspecies S. s. vittatus.

Eurasian Wild Pigs are generally to be found in groups of up to 20, though adult males are often solitary. Adult populations can vary from grey to  black to reddish brown. Juveniles are brownish with distinctive horizontal stripes. They forage mainly on roots, tubers, young shoots and plantation crops. In mangroves they feed on carrion, arthropods and molluscs.

In forested areas, Wild Pigs habitually bathe and roll in mud : their wallows gradually deepen and fill with water as successive pigs revisit the same muddy pool. This habit may help to rid the pigs of parasites, such as ticks and mites, as well as leeches.

The species ranges throughout the Southeast Asia mainland to Sumatra and Java. In Borneo and other easterly islands the species has been introduced.

In Singapore the range of this species has expanded considerably since around 2005, and is now widespread in forest and secondary scrub.


Fig 1 : Specimen from Singapore's central forests, recently emerged from a wallow.

Fig 2 : Adult Eurasian Wild Pig, with typical bristly mane, foraging in a forest clearing.  Taman Negara, Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia.

Fig 3 : The snout is long, pointed and lacks hair.  Taman Negara, Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia.

Fig4 : Juveniles are brownish with thick horizontal orange stripes.  Seen at Penang, Peninsular Malaysia.

Fig 5 : Tony O'Dempsey and pig wallows in secondary forest at Lower Peirce, Singapore.

Fig 6 : Reddish brown specimen at Taman Negara, Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia.




References : M1, M2, M3