Order : RODENTIA
Family : Muridae
Species : Rattus tanezumi
Head-Body Length : Up to 22cm
Tail Length : Up to 22cm
Weight : Up to 200 grams
A supremely adaptable
species, the Asian House Rat is to be found in many man-made habitats
including agricultural and wholly urban areas. It is omnivorous, feeding on
all manner of farmyard waste and food scraps. It is a fast runner, can climb
well and can jump up to 50 cm.
The fur on the dorsal side
is olive-brown, and the ventral side generally lighter. The tail is very
dark grey and nearly naked. The ears are large and the eyes jet black. Juveniles have a
relatively larger head and smaller body.
species is closely related to the European House Rat Rattus rattus, but
recent studies suggest it is a separate species. It probably occurs
throughout Southeast Asia.
Fig 1 : Specimen from secondary forest edge, near residential area,
Fig 2 : Searching amongst granite boulders,
Fig 3 : Feeding amongst epiphytic ferns on
a Rain Tree, Singapore.
References : M1, M2