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Lesser Brown Horseshoe Bat
   
   

Fig 1
 

 

Order : CHIROPTERA
Family : Rhinolophidae
Species : Rhinolophus stheno

Forearm Length : up to 4.8 cm
Weight : up to 10.5 grams

The Lesser Brown Horseshoe Bat inhabits lowland forest including primary forest, disturbed secondary forest and dry forest. It feeds on small, flying insects, and is known to roost in rock crevices, caves and hollow trees.

The species possesses a simple, dark noseleaf and has moderately large ears. Its fur is of medium length, dark brown to reddish brown in colour, and somewhat paler on the belly. The wings are dark brown.

This species is somewhat uncommon but reportedly occurs in many parts of mainland Southeast Asia including Burma, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam and Peninsular Malaysia. In insular Southeast Asia it occurs on the islands of Sumatra and Java. There are no records from Singapore.


Fig 1 : Roosting inside an abandoned building at Taman Negara, Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia.  This specimen is tentatively assigned as a Lesser Brown Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus stheno based on fur colour, a simple noseleaf, facial skin and noseleaf colour, and ear size.


References : M5