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Diadem Roundleaf Bat
   
   

Fig 1


Fig 2


 

Order : CHIROPTERA
Family : Hipposideridae
Species : Hipposideros diadema

Forearm Length : up to 8.7 cm
Weight : up to 47 grams

The Diadem Roundleaf Bat is a widespread and adaptable species, occurring in a variety of forested habitats.

This is amongst the largest of roundleaf bats in Southeast Asia, and is easily identified by the presence of well-defined white or pale orange patches of fur on the sides of its body and shoulders. The rest of the upper body fur is a rich, dark brown colour, and the face and underparts pale.

When hunting, this bat typically hangs from a perch waiting to ambush large insects, such as moths, as they fly past. Other insects consumed may include those with a thick exoskeleton such as beetles, weevils and katydids : the soft parts of such insects are consumed and the inedible parts, such as wings, carapace and legs are  discarded below the perch.

The species makes use of a variety of roosts including treeholes, caves or the shelter of large-leaved palms.  Large caves may shelter  maternity roosts numbering in their thousands.

The Diadem Roundleaf Bat occurs in Burma, Thailand, Indochina (Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia) and Peninsular Malaysia. It has never been recorded in Singapore, but occurs in Sumatra, Java, Borneo and many parts of eastern Indonesia to New Guinea. It also occurs in the Philippines and parts of the eastern Pacific (including parts of Australia). Fifteen subspecies are recognised.


Fig 1 : A Diadem Roundleaf Bat hangs suspended from a narrow twig whilst waiting for insect prey to fly past. 

Fig 2 : Underside of the same specimen.

Both images from lowland, primary forest at  Langkawi, Peninsular Malaysia.


References : M4, M5