Vertebrate fauna of SE Asia
  

 

Home  
覧覧覧覧覧  
SE Asia fauna ...  
   
Primates
 Carnivorans
 Large Mammals
 Small Mammals
 Mammal calls
 Bats
覧覧
Birds
覧覧
 Snakes
 Lizards & Crocodilians
 Turtles
覧覧
 Amphibians
 Tadpoles
 Frog calls
覧覧
Freshwater Fishes
 Marine & Brackish Fishes
覧覧
Species Lists
 





 


 
覧覧覧覧覧  
Vertebrate records ...  
   
SE Asia Records (SEAVR)
 Indochina Records
 Philippines Records
 Indonesia & PNG Records
 
覧覧覧覧覧  
New Guinea herptiles ...  
Snakes   Lizards   Frogs  
覧覧覧覧覧  
   
  New pages ...
 
 
     
 
     
 
     
 
覧覧覧覧覧  
 

Search this site ...

 
 


   

 
  覧覧覧覧覧  
  Email :


Text and photos by Nick Baker, unless otherwise credited.
Copyright ゥ Ecology Asia 2020

 
 
     
   
   

 

   
   
 
Lesser Mousedeer
   
   

Fig 1


Fig 2
  

Fig 3


Fig 4


 

Order : CETARTIODACTYLA
Family : Tragulidae
Species : Tragulus kanchil

Head-Body Length : 42-49 cm
Tail Length : 6-9 cm
Weight : 1.4-2.5 kg

This shy, diminutive, even-toed ungulate, measures has a head-body length of less than 50 cm long. It ekes a living on the floor of primary and secondary forests feeding on leaves, shoots, fruits and sometimes fungi. It is mainly crepuscular (i.e. active early morning and late afternoon), but is sometimes nocturnal.

The fur is mainly reddish-brown, with white markings on the neck, and the underparts are pale. The legs are delicate and slender, the body arched, and the tail usually tucked beneath the hind-quarters.

Males have small protruding canines and, beneath the chin, a swollen intra-mandibular gland which is used for territorial marking and in reproductive behaviour. Females also possess this gland, but it is much less swollen and difficult to discern in photographs.

The species is identified by the characteristic inverted chevron pattern on the throat and upper chest.

The species ranges from southern China, Indochina (Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia) and Thailand through Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore to Sumatra and Borneo.


Fig 1 : A male Lesser Mousedeer in secondary forest, Singapore. Note the small protruding canines.

Fig 2 : Another example from Singapore. It lacks protruding canines and is probably a female.

Fig 3 : This animal was active at night in an area of degraded forest-edge habitat in southern Peninsular Malaysia.

Fig 4 : Close-up of a male from Singapore, showing the protruding canines and the swollen intra-mandibular gland beneath the chin (the gland is pink in colour).


References : M1, M2