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Text and photos by Nick Baker, unless otherwise credited.
Copyright ゥ Ecology Asia 2020

 
 
     
   
   

 

   
   
 
Sulawesi Toad
   
   

Fig 1


Fig 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Family : BUFONIDAE
Species : Ingerophrynus celebensis
Size (snout to vent) : At least 8 cm.

Within its restricted range the Sulawesi (or Celebes) Toad is widespread and fairly common. It can be found in a variety of habitats including primary forest, disturbed secondary forest, fields, plantations and villages.

This species occurs up to elevations of at least 1000 metres and, like other toads, it can often be found in dry areas some distance from water, It returns to true aquatic habitats, particularly streams and smaller rivers, to breed.

This toad exhbits typical typical 'toad-like' proportions, wil large eyes and a blunt snout. The paratoid glands are generally slender.

The Sulawesi Toad is endemic to the Indonesian island of Sulawesi and nearby, smaller islands of Muna, Buton and Kabaena to the south-east, and Peleng and Banggai to the east.


Fig 1 : Two examples of the male Sulawesi Toad, found in a small stream near Tangkoko National Park, Sulawesi, Indonesia.