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Four-ridged Toad
   
   

Fig 1


Fig 2


Fig 3


Fig 4


Fig 5


 

Family : BUFONIDAE
Species : Ingerophrynus quadriporcatus
Size (snout to vent) :
Female 6.3 cm, Male 4.8 cm

Play call

This charming toad species inhabits the leaf litter of primary and secondary lowland forest, but is occasionally found in heavily altered habitats such as rubber and other plantations.

Unless searching out shallow water bodies at night for breeding, this species is more often heard calling from beneath leaf litter by day. Its call is a dual-syllabic gentle rasping sound.  

The dorsal surface and flanks are brownish-orange, and the ventral surface pale orange to whitish. The head is relatively small. The parotid gland is long and slender, starting from behind the eye and extending along most of the body.

The Four-ridged Toad occurs in Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra and Borneo.


Figs 1 and 2 : Two examples at the margins of a freshwater swamp, Singapore.

Fig 3 : Juvenile in secondary forest, Singapore.

Figs 4 and 5 : Two specimens found amongst forest floor leaf litter in Singapore's central forests.


References : H2, H3