Vertebrate fauna of SE Asia


SE Asia fauna ...  
 Large Mammals
 Small Mammals
 Mammal calls
 Lizards & Crocodilians
 Frog calls
Freshwater Fishes
 Marine & Brackish Fishes
Species Lists


SE Asia Vert Records (SEAVR) ...  
Philippines Records
  Indochina Records
  Indonesia & PNG Records
New Guinea herptiles ...  
Snakes   Lizards   Frogs  
  New or updated pages ...

Search this site ...




Email :

Text and photos by Nick Baker, unless credited to others.
Copyright ゥ Ecology Asia 2024



Red Leaf Monkey

Family : Cercopithecidae
Species : Presbytis rubicunda

Head-body length : up to 58 cm
Tail length : up to 80 cm
Weight : maximum approx. 7.0 kg

The Red Leaf Monkey, or Maroon Surili, inhabits primary and secondary forest on the island of Borneo, up to elevations of around 2000 metres. It appears to adapt reasonably well to areas of regenerating, logged forest.

Like other leaf monkeys, this species feeds on a variety of fresh leaves, seeds, fruits and flowers.
Davis & Baillie (1988) described how some populations of the species specialise in eating mainly large, dry forest seeds, devoid of flesh, and only revert to a diet of young leaves,  flowers and fleshy fruits at such times that large seeds are unavailable.

Consumption of earth from arboreal termite mounds has also been observed, which may be an attempt to reduce stomach acidity or to increase mineral intake.

The species has reddish-maroon fur throughout its body and tail, with some variation between different populations and subspecies.  Its facial skin is grey to bluish-grey, and its lower lips are pale. Infants are creamy to buff.

A number of subspecies are recognised based on different criteria. Two of the subspecies are well defined, namely the 'Orange-naped Red Surili' P. r. ignita (from Sarawak and Brunei) and the 'Orange-backed Red Surili' P. r. chrysea (from eastern Sabah), but further work is required to define other subspecies (Brandon-Jones et al, 2004).

Typically different populations and races may be separated by large, lowland rivers. This implies that in upland areas, where rivers are narrow and are more easily crossed, the distinction between different subspecies may not be so clear.

The Red Leaf Monkey is widespread throughout much of Borneo, occurring in Sarawak and Sabah (Malaysian Borneo), Kalimantan and nearby islands (Indonesian Borneo), and Brunei.

Fig 1 : Adult specimen foraging for young, fresh leaves.

Fig 2 : This pale coloured infant appears quite independent.

Fig 3 : Adult and older infant, whose fur has started to turn reddish on the back.

All images from Danum Valley, Sabah, Malaysian Borneo.  Photos thanks to Vilma D'Rozario.

References :

Brandon-Jones, D., Eudey, A., Geissmann, T., Groves, P., Melnick, D., Morales, M., and Stewart, C. 2004. Asian Primate Classification. International Journal of Primatology, Vol. 25, No. 1.

Davis, A., Baillie, I. 1988. Soil-eating by red leaf monkeys (Presbytis rubicunda) in Sabah, Northern Borneo. Biotropica. 20-3. p252.


Fig 1
ゥ  Vilma D'Rozario
Fig 2
ゥ  Vilma D'Rozario
Fig 3
ゥ  Vilma D'Rozario