Focussing on the vertebrate
 fauna of SE Asia
  

 

Home  
覧覧覧覧覧  
SE Asia fauna ...  
   
Primates
 Carnivorans
 Large Mammals
 Small Mammals
 Mammal calls
 Bats
覧覧
Birds
覧覧
 Snakes
 Lizards & Crocodilians
 Turtles
覧覧
 Amphibians
 Tadpoles
FFrog calls
覧覧
Freshwater Fishes
 Marine & Brackish Fishes
覧覧
Species Lists
 





 


 
覧覧覧覧覧  
Vertebrate records ...  
   
SE Asia Records (SEAVR)
 Indochina Records
 Philippines Records
 Indonesia & PNG Records
 
覧覧覧覧覧  
New Guinea fauna ...  
   
Snakes
 Lizards
 Frogs
 
覧覧覧覧覧  
 

Search this site ...

 
 


   

 
  覧覧覧覧覧  

New or updated pages ...
 
 
     
 
     
 
     
 
覧覧覧覧覧  
     
   
     
    Links :  
  Herp. Society of Singapore  
  Mongabay  
  HabitatID  
  Wallace Online  
    MYCAT  
  Traffic  
     
  Email :
 
     
  Text and photos by Nick Baker, unless otherwise credited.
Copyright ゥ Ecology Asia 2020
   

 

   
   
 
Spot-tail Needlefish
   
   

Fig 1
  
Fig 2
 

Fig 3
  

Fig 4
  


 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Order : Beloniformes
Family : BELONIDAE
Species : Strongylura strongylura
Maximum Length : 40 cm

The Spot-tailed Needlefish is a surface dwelling species which typically occurs in shallow, coastal habitats, particularly calmer areas of mangrove systems. Some populations may also venture upstream from the mangrove habitat, into areas of freshwater.

According to Fishbase, the diet of this fast-swimming fish includes many members of the Clupeidae family, such as herrings and sardines.

Typically the Spot-tailed Needlefish reaches lengths of up to 22 cm, with the biggest examples reaching up to 40 cm. Its body is elongated and rounded in cross-section, and its fins are small. The tail fin is typically pale yellow with a distinctive black spot near the base, and is gently rounded in shape.

Its jaws are greenish yellow, the upper surface of its elongated head is greenish or pinkish, and the dorsal surface of its body is greenish or greenish-yellow.

This species occurs in northern parts of the Indian Ocean, much of Southeast Asia, and the western Pacific Ocean.


Fig 1 : Example from mangrove habitat at Sungei Buloh, Singapore.

Fig 2 : Mangrove forest at Sungei Buloh, Singapore: the shallow, calmer inlets provide suitable habitat and feeding grounds for the Spot-tail Needlefish.

Figs 3 and 4 : Close-ups of the elongated head, and the black spot on the tail