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Text and photos by Nick Baker, unless credited to others.
Copyright ゥ Ecology Asia 2024







Spotted Litter Frog

Fig 1

Fig 2

Fig 3

Fig 4




Species : Leptobrachium hendricksoni
Size (snout to vent) :  Female 8 cm, Male 5 cm

The Spotted Litter Frog inhabits primary forest, freshwater swamp forest and hill forest. In Peninsular Malaysia it appears to be a lowland species, typically occurring at elevations below 300 metres, however in southern Thailand it reportedly occurs up to 1000 metres.

It is a forest floor dweller, often remaining concealed beneath leaf litter, but during the breeding season may be observed at the edge of forest streams.

Its body is plump, its legs are thin and spindly, and its head is relatively large with a blunt snout.

Its dorsal surface is dark grey or dark brownish grey, and its ventral surface is pale with dark spots on the belly and throat. Its limbs are patterned with narrow, dark bars.

Its most striking feature, and the means by which it can be easily differentiated from is cousin the Black-eyed Litter Frog, is the bright orange colour of the iris. There is a well developed skin fold ('supratympanic fold') extending from behind the eye.

The tadpoles, which are found in the less turbulent parts of forest streams, are large and are patterned with numerous small dark spots.

This frog occurs in southern Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra and Borneo. It is absent from Singapore.

Figs 1 and 2 : : Specimen from Johor, Peninsular Malaysia in freshwater swamp forest habitat.

Fig 3 : Tadpole with numerous dark spots, in a clear forest stream.

Fig 4 : This tadpole has well-developed front and hind legs which are already patterned with narrow, dark bars.

References : H3