Vertebrate fauna of SE Asia


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Text and photos by Nick Baker, unless credited to others.
Copyright ゥ Ecology Asia 2024








Compiled below are details of published articles, online articles and other publications by the author.


2013 Paper : Baker, N.  New Records of Hairy-nosed Otter (Lutra sumatrana) in Peninsular Malaysia. IUCN Otter Spec. Group Bull. 30(2) 2013.   Abstract : Two sightings of Hairy-nosed Otter (Lutra sumatrana) were made at Sungai Tanum and Sungai Relau, Taman Negara, Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia. These are the third and fourth formally documented records of the species from Peninsular Malaysia since the 1960痴, and the first records from Taman Negara in the same period.
2013 Paper : Chua, M., Baker N., Yeo,. R. Sivasothi, N.
New Locality Records for Two Species of Flying Squirrel (Mammalia: Rodentia: Sciuridae) in Singapore. Nature In Singapore 2013 6: 301305
  Abstract : Singapore is home to two nationally threatened flying squirrel species that were only recently rediscovered or recorded in the 1990s. New locality records are presented for the red-cheeked flying squirrel (Hylopetes spadiceus) in the Central Catchment Nature Reserve, and the Horsfield痴 flying squirrel (Iomys horsfieldii) at Bukit Batok Nature Park. These appear to be the results of increased night survey efforts and/or improved survey equipment.
2009 Leong, T. M., Lim, K. K., & Baker, N. (2009). Rediscovery of the White-spotted cat snake Boiga drapiezii in Singapore (Reptilia: Serpentes: Colubridae). Nature in Singapore, 2, 487-493   Penned by Leong Tzi Ming and Kelvin Lim this paper, published in the journal Nature In Singapore (2009, 2 : 487-493), details the exciting rediscovery of a rare snake species in Singapore after an absence of 113 years.
2008 Book : Wild Animals of Singapore.
A Photographic Guide to Mammals, Reptiles, Amphibians and Freshwater Fishes.
  A pocket-sized, yet detailed guide to 180 of Singapore's vertebrate species. Written and compiled by the Vertebrate Study Group of the Nature Society (Singapore). Published by Draco Publishing Ltd.

Book : Lim, K. K. P., N. Baker, R. Teo & T. M. Leong, 2008. Reptiles. In: Davison, G. W. H., Ng, P. K. L. & H. C. Ho (Eds.). The Singapore Red Data Book. Threatened Plants & Animals of Singapore. Second Edition. The Nature Society (Singapore). pp. 160176.

  The Singapore Red Data Book, first produced in 1994, is an indispensable source of reference for conservation plans and efforts of various governmental and non-governmental organizations.
2003 Article : Portsdown Road - end of an era.
Article first appeared in Nature Watch, published by the Nature Society (Singapore).
  A personal tribute to the wildlife of the Portsdown Road area of Singapore, once a rural, colonial backwater and now largely destroyed by new roads, highways, research facilities and trendy business establishments.
  Parit Jawa - a haven for the Lesser Adjutant.
  An article highlighting the birdlife of a rich coastal area in Peninsular Malaysia, inhabited by the rare Lesser Adjutant, and one man's struggle to protect the species.
2002 Taman Negara - Malaysia's first National Park.
  Impressions of a visit to Peninsular Malaysia's premier protected area of Taman Negara.
  Tasik Bera - Malaysia's first protected freshwater wetland.   A travelogue describing the wildlife and Semelai people who inhabit this unique lake, the first Ramsar site in Malaysia and home to a high diversity of freshwater fishes.
  Tasik Chini - rebirth Of the sacred lotus.
  A travelogue focussing on the habitat and flora of this beautiful lake, which is dominated by extensive growth of the Sacred Lotus Nelumbo nucifera.
2001 Ulu Temburong National Park - untouched rainforest of Brunei. 
Article first appeared in Volume 9, Number 1 of Nature Watch, published by the Nature Society (Singapore).
An article on the magnificent primary rainforest which lines the Sungei Belalong river of eastern Brunei, and its diverse inhabitants. The area comprises part of the 'Heart Of Borneo' rainforest protection area.
  Brunei Bay - home of the monkey with the long nose.
  An article on the mangrove habitat near the Bruneian capital of Bandar Seri Begawan, and its most famous inhabitant, the Proboscis Monkey Nasalis larvatus.
  Andulau Peat Swamp Forest - abode of the fanged pitcher plant.
  This article discusses the unsustainable extraction of the dipterocarp Shorea albida from the peat swamp forests in the Andulau area of Brunei.
  Mount Kinabalu - revered abode of the dead.
  An article which discusses the floristic zones and other natural history of Borneo's highest mountain in the East Malaysian state of Sabah on the island of Borneo. The mountain is a UNESCO World Heritage site.
  Hidden Herptiles / The Herpetile Detective
Article first appeared in Hemisphere magazine
  Written for a populist magazine, this article tries to encourage the reader to appreciate the curious beauty and strange diversity of Southeast Asia's reptiles and amphibians.
2000 Kuala Selangor Nature Park - of milky stork, leaf monkeys and fireflies.
Article first appeared in Volume 8, Number 3 of Nature Watch, published by the Nature Society (Singapore).
  This article discusses a coastal nature park in Peninsular Malaysia run by the Malaysian Nature Society, in particular the endangered Milky Stork Mycteria cinerea and the charming Silvered Langur Presbytis cristata.
  Langkawi - idyllic islands where eagles soar.   The holiday island of Langkawi lies in the Malaysian state of Kedah near the border with Thailand. This article touches on the diverse wildlife which still survives there, despite the growth of the tourist industry.
  Bukit Batok Nature Park - a 200-million year oasis   Once an abandoned granite quarry, Bukit Batok Nature Park lies close to Singapore's high-density housing. Despite this, the park harbours some interesting wildlife for the city dweller to observe.
  Bukit Timah Nature Reserve - a precious remnant of primary rainforest   This article describes Singapore's largest remnant of primary rainforest, and its flora and fauna. It also touches on the long-term threats to the forest, surrounded as it is by highways and residential development. 
  Lower Peirce - an easy walk in a tranquil forest   The Lower Peirce area of Singapore's Central Catchment Forest comprises tall secondary forest. This peaceful corner of the island harbours a diverse range of flora and fauna, as discussed in this short article.
  Pulau Ubin - the last rural corner of Singapore   An article which describes the laidback island of Pulau Ubin in Singapore's north-east, in particular its extremely diverse birdlife attracted to its mangroves, secondary forest, and abandoned village farms.
  Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve - wetlands and mangroves of the bamboo river   Singapore's premier protected wetland is described in this article. Once an area dominated by coastal prawn ponds, its mangroves and mudflats are now protected as a Nature Reserve primarily for the benefit of migratory waders.
  Ring Of Bright Water - a close encounter with the otters of Sungei Suloh   A personal account of a surprise meeting with a pioneer group of Sungei Buloh's Smooth Otter Lutrogale perspicillata. Since this early sighting the species has become a resident in the northern coastal waters of Singapore.