Focussing on the vertebrate
 fauna of SE Asia
  

 

Home  
覧覧覧覧覧  
SE Asia fauna ...  
   
Primates
 Carnivorans
 Other Large Mammals
 Squirrels & Small Mammals
 Bats
覧覧
Birds
覧覧
 Snakes
 Lizards & Crocodilians
 Turtles
覧覧
 Amphibians
 Tadpoles
FFrogs & other calls
覧覧
Fishes
覧覧
Species Lists
 








 
覧覧覧覧覧  
  SE Asia Vertebrate Records  (SEAVR)  
覧覧覧覧覧  
New Guinea fauna ...  
   
Snakes
 Lizards
 Frogs
 
覧覧覧覧覧  
 Articles & Publications
 News Links
 
覧覧覧覧覧  
 

Search this site ...

 
 


   

 
  覧覧覧覧覧  

Recently added ...
 
 
     
 
     
 
 
覧覧覧覧覧  
     
   
     
    Links :  
  HOSCAP Borneo  
  Context Institute
  Herpetological Soc. Singapore
  HabitatID  
  Primatewatching  
  Intl. Otter Survival Fund
  Orang Utan Appeal (UK)  
  Wallace Online  
    Citizen Action for Tigers  
    Nature Society (Singapore)  
  Traffic  
    Wild Singapore  
     
  Email :
 
     
  Text and photos by Nick Baker, unless otherwise credited.
Copyright ゥ Ecology Asia 2018
   

 

   
   
 
Sunda Clouded Leopard
   
   

Order : CARNIVORA
Family : Felidae
Species : Neofelis diardi

Head-body length : 61-106 cm
Tail length : 55-91 cm
Weight : 12-25 kg

The Sunda, or Sundaland, Clouded Leopard inhabits tall, primary forest, but appears able to survive in areas of partly logged forest, albeit in lower numbers. It is restricted to the islands of Borneo and Sumatra.

The species was formerly considered to be a subspecies of the Clouded Leopard Neofelis nebulosa, but was elevated to species status in 2006.

Its build is stocky, with strong, muscular legs, and its tail is long. Its head is relatively small compared to its body size, with small, rounded ears. Its fur is patterned with large, blotchy patches of dark fur.

This animal is nocturnal, secretive and generally solitary in nature, and little is known of its ecology. It is an excellent tree climber, and in areas where the forest is well connected it need rarely come to ground.

The species consumers a variety of medium-size mammal prey including various species of porcupine, civet, deer and pig.

The bornean form, N. d. borneensis, occurs in suitable forest in elevations ranging from the lowlands to around 1500 metres. This is the largest species of wild cat in Borneo.

The sumatran form, N. d. diardi, appears to be restricted to hilly and montane regions of the main mountain spine which runs parallel to the west coast. In Sumatra its size is exceeded by another cat, the Sumatran Tiger.

The species as a whole is categorised as 'vulnerable' due to a decreasing population, and constant shrinking of its forest habitat. Sightings of the species are rare, but a better  understanding of its distribution and population size has been made by the use of trail cameras (camera traps).

In Borneo this species occurs in parts of Malaysian Borneo (Sarawak, Sabah), Brunei and the Indonesian territory of Kalimantan. On the Indonesian island of Sumatra it is restricted mainly to the west.


Figs 1 and 2 : Young adult from Tabin Wildlife Reserve, Sabah, Malaysian Borneo.  Photos thanks to Horst Flotow.

Fig 3 : Tall, lowland primary forest in Sabah, Borneo - typical habitat for the Sunda Clouded Leopard.


References :
IUCN


 

 

Fig 1
  
ゥ  Horst Flotow
 
Fig 2  
     
ゥ  Horst Flotow
Fig 3