Focussing on the vertebrate
 fauna of SE Asia
  

 

Home  
覧覧覧覧覧  
SE Asia fauna ...  
   
Primates
 Carnivorans
 Other Large Mammals
 Squirrels & Small Mammals
 Bats
覧覧
Birds
覧覧
 Snakes
 Lizards & Crocodilians
 Turtles
覧覧
 Amphibians
 Tadpoles
FFrogs & other calls
覧覧
Fishes
覧覧
Species Lists
 








 
覧覧覧覧覧  
  SE Asia Vertebrate Records  (SEAVR)  
覧覧覧覧覧  
New Guinea fauna ...  
   
Snakes
 Lizards
 Frogs
 
覧覧覧覧覧  
 Articles & Publications
 News Links
 
覧覧覧覧覧  
 

Search this site ...

 
 


   

 
  覧覧覧覧覧  

Recently added ...
 
 
     
 
     
 
 
覧覧覧覧覧  
     
   
     
    Links :  
  HOSCAP Borneo  
  Context Institute
  Herpetological Soc. Singapore
  HabitatID  
  Primatewatching  
  Intl. Otter Survival Fund
  Orang Utan Appeal (UK)  
  Wallace Online  
    Citizen Action for Tigers  
    Nature Society (Singapore)  
  Traffic  
    Wild Singapore  
     
  Email :
 
     
  Text and photos by Nick Baker, unless otherwise credited.
Copyright ゥ Ecology Asia 2018
   

 

   
   
 
Flat-headed Cat
   
   

Fig 1
 

Fig 2
 




 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Order : CARNIVORA
Family : Felidae
Species : Prionailurus planiceps

Head-body length : up to 50 cm
Tail length : up to 17 cm
Weight : up to 2.2 kg

The Flat-headed Cat is a small, secretive feline typically encountered in forested areas near streams, freshwater swamp forest or other shaded wetlands. It is strictly nocturnal and terrestrial, and appears to be restricted to flat, lowland areas.

This cat will take readily to shallow water : its diet comprises mainly fish and other aquatic fauna, such as freshwater shrimp. It will consume its catch on dry land a few metres away from the water's edge, and is known to wash its food in water prior to consumption to remove unwanted debris.

Its body size is similar to that of a domestic cat, with relatively short legs and a short tail. Its claws do not fully retract, which may be an adaptation to semi-aquatic habits. Its forehead is markedly flattened in profile, and its ears are small and held close to the side of the head.

The fur on its head is orange-brown, and it bears distinctive narrow, dark stripes behind and below the eye. Its flanks are greyish brown, grizzled and lack spots or stripes. The muzzle, chin and chest are white.

This species is considered to be rare and endangered, as wetland habitats continue to be destroyed in many parts of its range. Unlike one of its cousins, the Mainland Leopard Cat, it appears unable to survive in oil palm plantations.

On mainland Southeast Asia the Flat-headed Cat is restricted to southern Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia. It also occurs on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo. In Singapore the species is listed as extinct.


Fig 1 : Example from Panti Forest, Johor, Peninsular Malaysia. It was active just after nightfall along a forest stream at the edge of an area of freshwater swamp forest.

Fig 2 : Freshwater swamp forest at Panti Forest, Peninsular Malaysia.


References : M3, M5