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Smith's Litter Frog
   
   

Fig 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Family : MEGOPHRYIDAE
Species : Leptobrachium smithi
Size (snout to vent) :  Female 7.8 cm, Male 6.8 cm

Smith's Litter Frog inhabits primary and mature secondary forests, occurring in lowland and lower montane areas up to elevations of around 1350 metres. It remains hidden by day beneath litter, and only emerges at night.

This frog is typically found near stream courses, and it prefers to breed in slow-flowing forest streams or marginal pools. Its tadpoles are large, with a pale body and tail patterned with large dark blotches.

It's body form is typical of the genus Leptobrachium, with a relatively large head and slender limbs. Its eyes are large, and the upper part of the iris is scarlet, yellow or orange, which is in contrast to the closely-related Spotted Litter Frog Leptobrachium hendricksoni in which the entire iris is of similar colour.

This species occurs in northeast India,  Bangladesh, Burma, western Thailand and a small part of western Laos. It is also known from Peninsular Malaysia, but has so far only been recorded from the island of Langkawi, which is in the north of the territory and very close to the border with Thailand.


Fig 1 : : Specimen from lowland forest on Langkawi Island, northern Peninsular Malaysia..


References :

AmphibiaWeb

Matsui, M., Nabhitabhata, J. & Panha, S. (1999). On Leptobrachium from Thailand with a description of a new species (Anura: Pelobatidae). Japanese Journal Of Herpetology, 18(1), 19-29.